Are you designing a MOOC? The EMMA Framework can help!

The EMMA 5D MOOC framework is a way to describe the full cycle of MOOC creation and delivery. By identifying 5 stages of MOOC implementation (Decide; Design; Develop; Deliver; and Document), the framework introduces a set of questions as well as examples taken from three complementary perspectives: institutional, pedagogical and technical. The EMMA 5D MOOC framework integrates the distinctive EMMA project experience in cultural and linguistic diversity. It is also the result of a comparative literature review on the subject.

This framework can be used as a tool from three complementary perspectives:


  • Institutional, helping senior level stakeholders and decision-makers to support the adoption of MOOCs as a strategy, addressing administrative and logistic issues.
  • Pedagogical, supporting teachers, professors and educational designers in providing guidelines for MOOC design and facilitation.
  • Technical, orienting technologists and developers to implement and integrate the learning environment.

Each stage of the framework is composed of a set of key aspects together with a list of guiding questions organised according to the three framework perspectives; it also provides examples from the EMMA experience or other MOOC initiatives.

  1. Decide: The first step involves stabilising the overall purpose and scope of the MOOC. It deals with many aspects including legal issues, logistics, technology infrastructure, and cultural and linguistic diversity.
  2. Design: this step highlights decisions regarding the planning of the MOOC addressing topics such as expected learner profiles, course content and structure, assessment, interaction and facilitation.
  3. framework_cycle

  4. Develop: in this step the focus is on the production of learning materials and the integration of all media content and services into the MOOC delivery platform, e.g. videos, simulations, quizzes, social tools, translation and transcription processes, etc.
  5. Deliver: this step addresses learner facilitation and peer-to-peer support, technical assistance for teachers and learners as well as the continued monitoring of the MOOC.
  6. Document: This step covers the process of documenting and reflecting on the decisions that have been taken in relation to the MOOC from start to end focusing on quality assurance and improvement.

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